Stabilizing Symfony: Testing out the pre-release
Symfony has a very rigid release schedule since Symfony 3.0. Predictable releases are often mentioned as a major advantage. Did you know that this schedule also includes a 2 month “stabilization phase”? This phase gives time to all libraries and bundles to catch up. Testing pre-releases is one of the best and least time consuming contributions you can make to Symfony. Let’s see how you can help Symfony by reservering 30 minutes during these 2 months!
It’s important to understand the backwards compatibility promise. Projects used by many applications can’t simply change behavior of features. Applications (and its developers) rely on stability of the framework. In short, Symfony’s promise is that your application should be able to upgrade from x.0 to x.4 without any code changing efforts.
Before releasing a new minor version (e.g. 5.3.0), the Symfony Core team needs to make sure 2 conditions are true:
- All changes to existing features are backwards compatible
- All new features must be stable.
The last point is important: Once a feature lands in a stable release, it’s no longer possible to change its behavior.
Now you know the main challenges Symfony is facing when releasing a new minor version, let’s see how you can help!
New features are often tested in little demo applications. As we all know, small demo applications often work much better than real life applications. This is why bugs and backwards compatibility breaks sometimes go completely unnoticed until real life applications start upgrading.
Receiving feedback from real life applications is crucial: Symfony’s only goal is to help you make real stuff in your daily jobs. It’s great to receive bug reports, at all times. Yet, it’s significantly more difficult to fix backwards compatibility breaks or bugs after a stable release.
Imagine there is a backwards compatibility break (BC break) that resulted in a PHP error. Applications that already upgraded fixed their code to remove this error. This means that removing the BC break is also a BC break in itself!
This is why testing pre-releases are critical. Pre-releases are not covered by the BC promise. If you find a problem, we can fix the break without yet another deprecation layer.
I hope by now, you understand the value of pre-release testing. But now, how do you do this? Is it really just 30 minutes?
Most people maintain Symfony applications: private projects using the Symfony framework as a base. These projects can test pre-releases in 3 steps:
- Update your
composer.jsonto allow the next dev release. E.g. change
symfony/*packages to test Symfony 5.4. Make sure to also update the
extra.symfony.requirekey if it’s present
"prefer-stable": trueto your
composer.jsonfile. This tells Composer to install dev versions, but use stable versions for all your non-Symfony packages
- Update your dependencies and run your test suite
Hopefully, your tests will pass. If they don’t, it means there is a BC break or bug in the upcoming release. In that case, you can report a bug to Symfony. It’s great to also provide a reproducer: some code that allows everyone to experience the bug you found. It’s hard to fix a bug if you don’t experience it ;)
There is also a great benefit for you: You already tested your application with the upcoming version. You may find yourself fixing some deprecations on a boring Friday afternoon. Before you know it, your applications is ready for the next release!
Open source packages often test against multiple versions of their dependencies (e.g. they test support for Symfony 4 and 5).
You can also add a “dev” version to test your package with the next
version of your dependencies. When running the dev tests, you can use
composer config to allow dev dependencies:
1 composer config minimum-stability dev
This means your package now also tests against the dev dependencies.
This is a great way to see if you support upcoming versions, as well as
discovering bugs in your dependencies early. Depending on the stability
of your dependencies, it can be a good idea to allow the dev tests to
fail (e.g. using
allow_failures in Travis CI).
I’ve used this technique in my own packages, which you can use as an example:
- Contributing to Symfony doesn’t only include writing code
- Bugs are much more easily fixed in a pre-release
- Please test pre-releases (of any software) and report issues you find